In addition to all of the ways limestone is used indoors, it can also be used outdoors The most common form of exterior limestone is in the form of walls, which can greatly elevate your property value. These walls may be used to surround an entire property, a pool, or a garden. Common uses for Limestone. Earth Science. Throughout history and in present times, limestone has been used for a variety of purposes. The use of limestone on a large scale has been dated back to the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza (c. 2560 BC). First of all, one of the main uses of limestone in the modern world is in architecture. Limestones benefits are immeasurable. Among others, it balances acidity in the soil, improves drainage and aeration to increase crop yields, and purifies sulphur emissions from power stations. This list shows some of the common uses for limestone. Ground Calcium Carbonate (GCC) Fine/Ultrafine Ground. Adhesives Sealants.